In this article:  What is homeowners insurance? Homeowners insurance is a type of insurance that provides coverage for damages or losses to a person’s private residence and personal property. It typically covers repairing or rebuilding a home if it’s damaged or destroyed by natural disasters, theft, or other covered events.


The answer to the question, ‘What is home insurance?’ can’t just be explained without examining what homeowners insurance covers, what additions are there, the limitations, etc. To put home insurance in the plainest terms, it is a comprehensive property insurance that offers a shield against the loss or damage to your home. Essentially, homeowners insurance is a guard of your investment, preserving the physical integrity of your dwelling and your personal belongings.

Understanding Homeowners Insurance Coverage

A typical homeowners insurance policy covers four main incidents: interior damage, exterior damage, loss or damage of personal assets, and injuries that occur on your property.

  • Interior damage: This includes damage caused by events like fire, smoke, water leaks, and vandalism. If you experience any of these incidents, you can file a claim with your insurer to cover the cost of repairs.
  • Exterior damage: This covers damage to the physical structure of your home, such as damage caused by storms, hail, or falling objects.
  • Loss or damage of personal assets: Your home insurance also provides coverage for the loss or damage of your personal belongings, such as furniture, clothing, and electronics. If these items are stolen or damaged, you can file a claim to be reimbursed for their value.
  • Liability coverage: Homeowners insurance includes liability coverage, which protects you if someone gets injured on your property and sues you for damages. This coverage can help with legal expenses and settlements if you’re found liable for the injury.

Note that homeowners insurance policies typically have a deductible, the amount you must pay out of pocket before the insurance kicks in. The policy will also have coverage limits, determining the maximum amount the insurance company will pay for each type of incident.

Home Insurance Liability Limits and Additional Coverage

Your home insurance policy will have a liability limit, which is the maximum amount of coverage you have in case of an incident. The standard limit is usually set at $100,000, but you can opt for a higher limit if needed. 

While homeowners insurance covers a wide range of accidents and damages, standard policies often exclude coverage for acts of war or acts of God, such as earthquakes or floods. If you live in an area prone to these natural disasters, you may need to purchase additional coverage to protect your property. Special coverage options for natural disasters can ensure that you are adequately protected in case of unexpected events.

Homeowners Insurance Liability Limits and Special Coverage:

  • Review your liability limit to ensure it aligns with your assets and potential risks.
  • Consider purchasing additional coverage for natural disasters if you live in an area prone to earthquakes, floods, or other events.
  • Explore niche insurance products that protect against wear and tear or damages resulting from poor maintenance.
  • Consult with your insurance provider to understand the available options and determine the best coverage for your specific needs.

Homeowners Insurance and Mortgages

When applying for a mortgage, one of the requirements from most lenders is proof of homeowners insurance. This insurance serves as a protection for your property and is sometimes required for securing your mortgage. Without it, the lender may not approve your loan. You have two options for obtaining homeowners insurance: purchase it separately or through the lender.

Many homeowners choose to pay for their insurance through an escrow account. This account is set up by the lender and is funded by allocating a portion of your monthly mortgage payment to cover the insurance costs. When the insurance bill is due, the lender uses the funds from the escrow account to pay it. This arrangement ensures that your insurance is paid on time and allows you to budget for it as part of your mortgage payment.

Having homeowners insurance not only protects your investment but also gives the lender peace of mind. It assures them that in the event of any damage to your property, you have the necessary coverage to repair or rebuild. This is why proof of insurance is a standard requirement for obtaining a mortgage. So, when you begin your mortgage application process, remember to factor in the cost of homeowners insurance and provide the necessary proof to your lender.

Homeowners Insurance vs. Home Warranty vs. Mortgage Insurance

When protecting your home and its contents, you can have home insurance and/or a home warranty. There is also mortgage insurance that gives you financial protection. While these three options may seem similar, they offer distinct coverage for different aspects of your property. Here’s a breakdown of how homeowners insurance, home warranty, and mortgage insurance differ:

Homeowners Insurance:

Homeowners insurance provides coverage for damages caused by accidents or disasters. It protects your home’s physical structure, your personal belongings, and provides liability coverage in case someone gets injured on your property. However, it does not cover issues resulting from poor maintenance or wear and tear on appliances. 

Home Warranty:

A home warranty, on the other hand, is a contract that covers repairs or replacements of home systems and appliances. This includes major items such as ovens, water heaters, and washers/dryers. A home warranty is usually optional and expires after a certain time period. Unlike homeowners insurance, a home warranty specifically focuses on the functionality and lifespan of appliances and systems in your home, rather than protecting against accidents or disasters.

Mortgage Insurance:

Lenders typically require mortgage insurance for borrowers who make a down payment of less than 20%. It protects the lender in case the borrower defaults on their mortgage payments. Mortgage insurance offers a safety net for the lender, ensuring that they can recoup their losses if the borrower cannot fulfill their financial obligations. It is not designed to protect the homeowner or their investment in the property.

What’s Not Covered Under Home Insurance

A standard homeowners insurance policy provides coverage for a wide range of disasters and accidents that may occur to your home, but there are exceptions. Here’s a breakdown of what’s covered and what’s not under a standard homeowners policy:

Flood insurance:

Standard homeowners insurance policies typically do not cover flood damage. If you live in an area prone to floods, it’s recommended to consider purchasing a separate flood insurance policy to protect your home and belongings.

Earthquake insurance:

Similar to flood insurance, earthquake damage is not typically covered by standard homeowners insurance. If you live in an earthquake-prone area, it’s advisable to obtain earthquake insurance.

Poor maintenance:

Damage caused by neglect, wear and tear, or lack of maintenance is generally not covered under a standard homeowners policy.

High-Value Items: 

While homeowners insurance covers personal belongings, there may be limitations on the coverage amount for high-value items like fine art, jewelry, and collectibles. For full protection, consider additional coverage through a scheduled personal property endorsement or a separate policy.

How to Get Homeowners Insurance

We have now answered what home insurance is and how it protects homeowners. Here is how to get home insurance:  

  • Determine your coverage needs: First, assess your specific insurance requirements. Consider the value of your home, the cost of your belongings, and any potential risks in your area, such as flood or earthquake zones. Understanding your needs will help you choose the right policy.
  • Research insurance providers: Shop around for reputable insurance companies or brokers. You can start by asking for recommendations from friends, family, or real estate professionals. Additionally, you can use online resources to compare quotes and reviews.
  • Request quotes: Reach out to multiple insurance providers and request quotes for homeowners insurance. Be sure to provide accurate information about your home, its location, and the coverage you need to receive accurate quotes.
  • Review policy options: Examine the policy options and coverage details offered by different insurers. Pay attention to factors like coverage limits, deductibles, and any optional endorsements or add-ons that may suit your needs.
  • Evaluate premium costs: Compare the premium costs associated with each policy. Keep in mind that a higher premium may provide more extensive coverage, so balance your budget with your desired level of protection.
  • Understand policy terms: Carefully read and understand the terms and conditions of the policies you’re considering. Pay attention to any exclusions or limitations, as well as the claims process.
  • Choose a policy: Once you’ve compared options and found a policy that meets your needs and budget, select the insurance policy that best suits you. You may need to provide personal information and documentation to complete the application.
  • Complete an inspection: Some insurers may require a home inspection to assess the property’s condition before finalizing the policy. This inspection ensures that your home meets the insurer’s underwriting criteria.
  • Make the first payment: After your policy is approved, make your initial premium payment to activate your coverage. Ensure that you understand the payment schedule and method for future premiums.
  • Review and update annually: Homeownership circumstances can change, so it’s essential to review your policy annually and update it as needed. This ensures that your coverage remains adequate for your evolving needs.

By following these steps, you can acquire homeowners insurance that provides the protection you need for your home and personal property.

Homeowners insurance specifically protects your most valuable investment. With comprehensive coverage for damages to your home and belongings, as well as liability for accidents that occur on your property, homeowners insurance provides the peace of mind you need. From the coverage for interior and exterior damage to the protection of personal assets, a homeowners insurance policy safeguards against unexpected events. It’s essential to be aware of the liability limits in your policy and consider additional coverage for natural disasters that may affect your area.

Ensure that you have adequate homeowners insurance coverage to protect your home and your peace of mind. 


What is home insurance?

Home insurance, also known as homeowners insurance, is a form of property insurance that provides coverage for losses and damages to your residence, as well as the belongings inside it.

What incidents does a homeowners insurance policy typically cover?

A homeowners insurance policy typically covers interior damage, exterior damage, loss or damage of personal assets, and injuries that occur on your property.

What is liability coverage in homeowners insurance?

Liability coverage in homeowners insurance protects you if someone gets injured on your property and sues you for damages.

What is the liability limit in a homeowners insurance policy?

The liability limit in a homeowners insurance policy determines the maximum amount of coverage you have in case of an incident.

Does homeowners insurance cover acts of war or acts of God like earthquakes or floods?

Standard homeowners insurance policies often exclude coverage for acts of war or acts of God like earthquakes or floods. Additional coverage may be necessary for these disasters.

Why is homeowners insurance required for obtaining a mortgage?

Most lenders require proof of homeowners insurance when applying for a mortgage to protect their investment in the property.

What is the difference between homeowners insurance and a home warranty?

Homeowners insurance protects against damage caused by disasters or accidents, while a home warranty covers repairs or replacements of home systems and appliances.

What is the difference between homeowners insurance and mortgage insurance?

Homeowners insurance protects the homeowner and their investment in the property, while mortgage insurance protects the lender in case the borrower defaults on payments.

What does homeowners insurance not cover?

Homeowners insurance does not cover damage resulting from poor home maintenance or wear and tear on appliances.

How much does homeowners insurance cost?

The cost of homeowners insurance can vary depending on factors such as the location of your home, its value, and the coverage limits you choose.

How do I obtain homeowners insurance?

Homeowners insurance can be obtained separately or through the lender. Many homeowners pay for their insurance through an escrow account.